stain

phonetic symbol: / stéɪn / 

stain - English Dictionary

[ noun ]
■ an act that brings discredit to the person who does it
blot , smear , smirch , spot

[ noun ]
■ a soiled or discolored appearance
e.g.)
・the wine left a dark stain
discoloration , discolouration

[ noun ]
■ a symbol of disgrace or infamy
brand , mark , stigma

[ noun ]
■ the state of being covered with unclean things
dirt , filth , grease , grime , grunge , soil

[ noun ]
■ (microscopy) a dye or other coloring material that is used in microscopy to make structures visible

[ verb ]
■ color for microscopic study

[ verb ]
■ color with a liquid dye or tint
e.g.)
・Stain this table a beautiful walnut color
・people knew how to stain glass a beautiful blue in the middle ages

[ verb ]
■ produce or leave stains
e.g.)
・Red wine stains the table cloth

[ verb ]
■ make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air
■ also used metaphorically
defile , maculate , sully , tarnish

Word list en

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