short

phonetic symbol: / ʃɔ́rt / 

short - English Dictionary

[ noun ]
■ the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed between second and third base
shortstop

[ noun ]
■ the location on a baseball field where the shortstop is stationed

[ noun ]
■ accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference
short circuit

[ verb ]
■ create a short circuit in
short-circuit

[ verb ]
■ cheat someone by not returning him enough money
short-change

[ adjective satellite ]
■ marked by rude or peremptory shortness
e.g.)
・the salesgirl was very short with him
brusk , brusque , curt

[ adjective satellite ]
■ tending to crumble or break into flakes due to a large amount of shortening
e.g.)
・shortbread is a short crumbly cookie
・a short flaky pie crust

[ adjective ]
■ (primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length
e.g.)
・short skirts
・short hair
・the board was a foot short
・a short toss

[ adjective ]
■ primarily temporal sense
■ indicating or being or seeming to be limited in duration
e.g.)
・a short life
・a short flight
・a short holiday
・a short story
・only a few short months

[ adjective ]
■ of speech sounds or syllables of relatively short duration
e.g.)
・the English vowel sounds in `pat', `pet', `pit', `pot', putt' are short

[ adjective ]
■ not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices
e.g.)
・a short sale
・short in cotton

[ adjective satellite ]
■ lacking foresight or scope
e.g.)
・a short view of the problem
・shortsighted policies
・shortsighted critics derided the plan
myopic , shortsighted , unforesightful

[ adjective ]
■ (of memory) deficient in retentiveness or range
e.g.)
・a short memory
forgetful , unretentive

[ adjective satellite ]
■ not sufficient to meet a need
e.g.)
・money is short
・on short rations
・food is in short supply
・short on experience
inadequate , poor

[ adjective satellite ]
■ less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so
e.g.)
・regularly gives short weight
light , scant

[ adjective ]
■ low in stature
■ not tall
e.g.)
・he was short and stocky
・short in stature
・a short smokestack
little

[ adverb ]
■ quickly and without warning
abruptly , dead , suddenly

[ adverb ]
■ in a curt, abrupt and discourteous manner
e.g.)
・he talked short with everyone
・he said shortly that he didn't like it
curtly , shortly

[ adverb ]
■ at a disadvantage
e.g.)
・I was caught short
unawares

[ adverb ]
■ so as to interrupt
e.g.)
・She took him up short before he could continue

[ adverb ]
■ at some point or distance before a goal is reached
e.g.)
・he fell short of our expectations

[ adverb ]
■ clean across
e.g.)
・the car's axle snapped short

[ adverb ]
■ without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold
e.g.)
・he made his fortune by selling short just before the crash

Word list en

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